Understanding the Eligibility Criteria for a Commercial Real Estate Loan

May 20, 2024

Understanding the Basics

Applying for a commercial real estate loan can be a complex process. Knowing the eligibility criteria can help you prepare better. It can also increase your chances of approval.

Commercial real estate loans are different from residential loans. They have different requirements and conditions. This blog will guide you through the key criteria you need to meet.

commercial building

If your score is lower, you might still qualify. But you may face higher interest rates or require a larger down payment.

Business Financials

Lenders will review your business's financial health. They look at your income, expenses, and cash flow. Strong financials show that your business can handle loan payments.

Prepare to share financial statements, tax returns, and profit and loss statements. These documents provide a clear picture of your business's financial status.

financial documents

property you want to buy or refinance is another key factor. Lenders will conduct an appraisal to determine the property's market value. The loan amount you can get often depends on this value.

Most lenders offer loans up to 75% of the property's value. This is known as the loan-to-value (LTV) ratio. A lower LTV ratio can increase your chances of approval.

Down Payment

You will need to make a down payment. This is usually 20% to 30% of the property's value. A larger down payment can improve your chances of getting a loan. It shows the lender that you are committed to the investment.

down payment

Coverage Ratio (DSCR)

Lenders use the Debt Service Coverage Ratio (DSCR) to assess your ability to repay the loan. DSCR is the ratio of your business's net operating income to its debt payments.

A DSCR of 1.25 or higher is generally preferred. This means your business generates 25% more income than needed to cover debt payments.

Business Experience

Lenders also consider your experience in the industry. They prefer borrowers with a track record of managing similar properties. This experience reduces the risk for the lender.

If you are new to the industry, consider partnering with an experienced manager. This can improve your chances of loan approval.

Personal Guarantee

Some lenders may require a personal guarantee. This means you are personally responsible for repaying the loan if your business cannot. A personal guarantee adds security for the lender.

personal guarantee

requirements. It is important to do your research and be well-prepared.

If you need help navigating the loan process, consider working with a commercial mortgage broker. They can guide you through each step and help you find the best loan options available.