Demystifying Commercial Leases: A Guide to Understanding Different Types

Apr 19, 2024

When it comes to leasing commercial space, the process can be quite complex and overwhelming. Understanding the different types of commercial leases is crucial for both landlords and tenants to ensure a mutually beneficial agreement. In this guide, we will demystify the various types of commercial leases to help you navigate the leasing process with confidence.

Types of Commercial Leases

Gross Lease

A gross lease, also known as a full-service lease, is where the landlord covers all expenses associated with the property, including taxes, insurance, and maintenance costs. Tenants pay a fixed rent amount, making budgeting easier as there are no additional expenses.

commercial lease

Net Lease

In a net lease, tenants are responsible for paying a portion of the property expenses in addition to the base rent. There are three subcategories of net leases: single net lease, double net lease, and triple net lease, each varying in the level of expenses the tenant is responsible for.

Percentage Lease

A percentage lease is commonly used in retail spaces, where tenants pay a base rent plus a percentage of their monthly sales. This type of lease allows landlords to benefit from the success of the tenant's business.

commercial property

Modified Gross Lease

A modified gross lease is a combination of a gross lease and a net lease. In this type of lease, the landlord and tenant share the expenses, with the specifics outlined in the lease agreement. This provides flexibility for both parties.

Triple Net Lease

Under a triple net lease, tenants are responsible for paying property taxes, insurance, and maintenance costs in addition to the base rent. This type of lease shifts the majority of the expenses to the tenant, making it important to carefully review the terms.

commercial building

Ground Lease

A ground lease is a long-term lease where the tenant leases the land from the landlord to construct a building or make improvements. Once the lease term ends, the ownership of the improvements typically reverts to the landlord.

Short-Term Lease

Short-term leases are typically less than three years in duration and offer flexibility for both landlords and tenants. These leases are ideal for businesses that are unsure of their long-term space needs or are in a temporary location.

commercial real estate

Long-Term Lease

Long-term leases are leases that extend for five years or more, providing stability and security for both parties. Landlords often prefer long-term leases as they ensure a consistent income stream, while tenants benefit from locked-in rental rates.

Understanding the different types of commercial leases is essential for making informed decisions when entering into lease agreements. By familiarizing yourself with the various lease structures, you can negotiate terms that align with your business goals and financial capabilities.